An Error Analysis on The Use of Gerunds in Writing Descrip-tive Paragraph


  • Refsa Ina Irianti Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Indri Astutik Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Yeni Mardiyana Devanti Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember



Error analysis, Gerunds 2, Descriptive Paragraph 3


Analyzing students' writing specifically the components of it is crucial issue to assess how well students develop their ideas. Grammar, one of the writing components, consists of many aspects. One of the grammar aspects is gerunds. Thus, the use of gerunds in writing is unavoidable. The purposes of this research were to find out and identify the kinds and causes of students’ errors in the use of gerunds in their writing. This research used a case study design of qualitative research by employing thirty students of a private vocational school in Jember. The instruments of this research were writing assignments and interviews. The writer gave thirty students writing assignments and  were analyzed to find out their errors that fall into four categories, i.e., omission, addition, miss-formation, and miss-ordering. The findings revealed there were 47 errors (44.34%) omission. 11 errors (10.38%) addition, 44 errors (41.51%) miss-formation, and 4 errors (3.77%) miss-ordering. Hopefully, the findings will contribute to help teachers in designing the writing activities in the classroom and the kind of assessment or feedback they use to help their students to have good writing ability


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