Functions of Cohesion in Reading Text Comprehension


  • Vidya Mandarani Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo
  • Slamet Setiawan Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Sheila Agustina 3Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo



cohesion, descriptive text, reading comprehension


Cohesion is important to know the connection of meaning between words or sentences in a text. This study is purposed to know the cohesive devices used in the descriptive text within a 7th grade student’s textbook and to know how the cohesion can build the understanding of the descriptive text in reading comprehension. This qualitative research used document analysis, literature review, observation and interviews to gather the data. The findings showed that the descriptive text has utilized grammatical and lexical cohesion to unify the words and sentences. Researchers only found reference, substitution, conjunction as grammatical cohesion, and reiteration as lexical cohesion. In addition, interviews with the apprentice teacher which aimed to find out the implementation of cohesion to teach descriptive text show that it was only explained to help students know the meaning of the text and comprehend it. To conclude, cohesive devices are crucial to be learnt and taught to know the link between the sentences, as well as understand the elements of grammatical and lexical cohesion.


Download data is not yet available.


M. F. Heller, Reading-Writing Connections: From Theory to Practice, 2nd ed. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publisher, 1995.

M. Ghasemi, “An Investigation into the Use of Cohesive Devices in Second Language Writings,” Theory and Practice in Language Studies, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 1615–1623, 2013, doi: 10.4304/tpls.3.9.1615-1623.

G. Brown and G. Yule, Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

A. H. Ahmed, “Students’ Problems with Cohesion and Coherence in EFL Essay Writing in Egypt: Dif-ferent Perspectives,” Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 211–221, 2010, doi: 10.20533/licej.2040.2589.2010.0030.

N. Chanyoo, “Cohesive Devices and Academic Writing Quality of Thai Undergraduate Students,” Jour-nal of Language Teaching and Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 994–1001, 2018, doi: 10.17507/jltr.0905.13.

T. A. Van Dijk, A Handbook of Discourse Analysis. London: London Academic Press Limited, 1985.

J. Harmer, How to Teach Writing. England: Pearson Education Ltd, 2004.

S. L. A. Potradinata, “An Analysis of Student’s Descriptive Text Writing in Systemic Functional Lin-guistic (SFL) Perspectives,” International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 121–135, 2018, doi: 10.18178/ijlll.2018.4.2.161.

E. E. Saragih and S. N. Septiani, “An Analysis of the Cohesion and Coherence of the Students’ Descrip-tive Writing,” English Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 34–45, 2017.

A. D. Jayanti, “Students’ Writing Ability on English Descriptive Text at Grade VIII in SMPN 33 Pa-dang,” English Franca: Academic Journal of English Language and Education, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 71–94, 2019.

A. S. Mohammed, “Conjunctions as Cohesive Devices in the Writings of English as Second Language Learners,” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 208, pp. 74–81, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.182.

S. A. Crossley, K. Kyle, and D. S. McNamara, “The Development and Use of Cohesive Devices in L2 Writing and Their Relations to Judgments of Essay Quality,” Journal of Second Language Writing, vol. 32, pp. 1–16, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.jslw.2016.01.003.

E. M. Armstrong, “The Potential of Cohesion Analysis in the Analysis and Treatment of Aphasic Dis-course,” Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 39–51, 1991.

M. A. K. Halliday and R. Hasan, Cohesion in English, English La. London: Longman, 1976.

I. Jabeen, A. Mehmood, and M. Iqbal, “Ellipsis, Reference & Substitution as Cohesive Devices The Bear by Anton Chekhov,” Academic Research International: Social Sciences & Humanities, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 123–131, 2013.

L. Lei, “Linking Adverbials in Academic Writing on Applied Linguistics by Chinese Doctoral Stu-dents,” Journal of English for Academic Purposes, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 267–275, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.jeap.2012.05.003.

W. Yang and Y. Sun, “The Use of Cohesive Devices in Argumentative Writing by Chinese EFL Learners at Different Proficiency Levels,” Linguistics and Education, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 31–48, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.linged.2011.09.004.

H. V. Dastjerdi and S. H. Samian, “Quality of Iranian EFL Learners’ Argumentative Essays: Cohesive Devices in Focus,” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 65–76, 2011.

M. A. Nindya and U. Widiati, “Cohesive devices in argumentative essays by Indonesian EFL learners,” Journal on English as a Foreign Language, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 337–358, 2020, doi: 10.23971/jefl.v10i2.1949 Journal.

S. Wahyuni, Qualitative Research Method: Theory and Practice. Jakarta: Salemba Empat, 2012.

I. Rohmawati, “The Realization of Cohesion in Reading Texts Used in Chicken Soup for the Soul in the Classroom,” English Education Journal (EEJ), vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 155–161, 2012.

S. Syamsudduha, J. Amir, and W. Wahida, “Cohesion and Coherence in Indonesian Textbooks for The Tenth Grader of Senior High School,” in Seventh International Conference on Languages and Arts (ICLA 2018), 2019, vol. 301, pp. 452–462. doi: 10.2991/icla-18.2019.75.

T. Givón, “Coherence in text vs. coherence in mind,” Pragmatics & CognitionPragmatics and Cognition, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 171–227, 1993, doi: 10.1075/pc.1.2.01giv.

S. A. Crossley, K. Kyle, and M. Dascalu, “The Tool for the Automatic Analysis of Cohesion 2.0: Integrat-ing Semantic Similarity and Text Overlap,” Behavior Research Methods, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 14–27, 2019, doi: 10.3758/s13428-018-1142-4.

J. C. Palmer, “Coherence and Cohesion in the English Language Classroom: the Use of Lexical Reitera-tion and Pronominalisation,” RELC Journal, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 61-, 1999, doi: 10.1177/003368829903000204.

L. Indriani, “The Realization of Cohesion in Reading Texts,” Transformatika, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 43–55, 2015.

M. N. Tahsildar and Z. S. Yusoff, “Impact of Teaching Cohesive Devices on L2 Students’ Language Ac-curacy in Written Production,” Academy Journal of Educational Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 16–28, 2018, doi: 10.31805/acjes.430006.

Chunxia Fu, “Application of Cohesion Theory in Reading Comprehension of CET-4,” English Language Teaching, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 86, 2020, doi: 10.5539/elt.v13n4p86.