Dimensions of Student Learning Motivation in the Context of Online Learning in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era


  • Mochamad Hatip Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember
  • Nurkamilah Nurkamilah Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember




Self-determination, motivation, confirmatory factor analysis, Indonesia


This study aims to find the motivational dimensions of online learning and the relationship between these dimensions and student performance. Previous studies have studied and found many dimensions of student learning motivation. However, these studies, at least prior to the upcoming era of the covid-19 pandemic, focused on face-to-face learning contexts and not much on online learning contexts. Self Determination Theory (SDT) is used in this study. Data was collected using a questionnaire which was translated from the Motivational Scale based on SDT theory. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used to analyze the data obtained from the student participants of the English Education Study Program at Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember. The results of this study indicate, first, that there are 3 dimensions or motivational factors for courageous learning: interest, usefulness, and perceived choice. These dimensions explain 69.141% of the measured motivation. Second, overall, these factors were significantly correlated with student performance, but not individually. These results were discussed in the context of SDT.


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